The International Course on Rural Energy Planning (ICREP) is offered by the department of Government and Technology for Sustainability (CSTM). In October 2015 a redesign has started in collaboration with the Centre of Expertise in Learning and Teaching (CELT).
ICREP has been provided by the University of Twente for 33 years, as an 8 week on campus program. During these years ICREP was run by an international teaching team and had high educated participants from all over the world, especially African countries. A redesign process was started to make ICREP sustainable for the upcoming years. For sustainability a blended design was chosen. At the University of Twente we had limited experience with solutions in designing a blended international course.
In the interpretation of Kerres and De Witt (2003) blended learning refers to the mix of different didactical methods and different delivery formats. In this course we used a large variety in synchronous and a- synchronous (Piskurich, 2006) learning activities. These are offered in different delivery formats like face to face, video, text or images. Besides this we choose a modular approach and we take care that the learning objective had a meaningful context. Also we choose suitable ICT systems to use in developing countries.
All of the above resulted in a:
- Reduced amount of contact hours
- Blended format (8 online modules, 2 weeks on campus)
We ended up by a week by week development approach. For each of the steps in the blueprint multiple stakeholders were involved. The stakeholders had the following tasks:
- Support in quality by roviding manuals and feedback.
- Check the alignment with educational blueprint.
- Integrate the different parts in Blackboard to create a clear, well-structured consistent learning experience.
- Support integration and adaptation of the different systems.
- Creating the content of the materials.
- Creating the Articulate e-learning modules based upon the educational blueprint and teachers materials.
During the implementation the teaching staff was leading. CELT provided some functional support on the use of the different systems.
1. Analysis Evaluation
We could improve the analysis phase next time by doing a more in depth analysis of the current situation and the multiple stakeholders who were involved in the design and development process. Because of problems with the integration of the intended technical solutions, a new analysis for other technical solutions was necessary during the course. This resulted in the systems used.
2. Design Evaluation
Students and teachers were satisfied with the design of the course. The results of the student evaluation is visible in figure 1. According to Collis and Moonen (2001), blended learning is a hybrid of traditional face-to-face and online learning so that instruction occurs both in the classroom and online, and where the online component becomes a natural extension of traditional classroom learning.
There are points for improvement regarding the design of the course:
- Formulate the learning objectives more specific and clear.
- Skip all materials which not contribute to the learning objectives.
- Involve students in the design process.
- Make the educational blueprint final
3. Development Evaluation
Because of the week by week development approach, adaptive release was necessary. Due to the fact the materials were delivered late, there was nearly no time to provide didactical feedback on the materials. Students, however, found the materials consistent (4,3 out of 5, n=12) and professional (4,8 out of 5, n=12) We think there is still room for improvement for example using the multimedia principles of Mayer (2001). Working with a student assistant in de development phase worked very well. Once the information is structured and you have clear tasks a student-assistant can do a lot of work.
4. Implement Evaluation
Students used all the systems in this course and they felt well supported, as can be seen in figure 2.
- A high variety of learning activities seems to have a positive influence on the course appreciation.
- A high variety of different delivery formats seems to have a positive influence on the course appreciation.
- Make clear arrangements with the stakeholders about the planning, the responsibilities and the way of communication.
- Working with an international teaching team on distance is fun, but challenging.
- Working with a student assistant is highly recommended.
- Make clear arrangements about the quality of the products.